Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science and engineering concerned with providing machines (i.e. computers and robots) the capability to perceive, reason, learn, solve problems, and interact with their environment. AI has been a major topic of research in both the academic and commercial worlds since its inception in 1956, when computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term. In the decades since, the concept of artificial intelligence has become increasingly popular, and divides into two categories: general and applied AI.
General AI consists of machines that have the ability to think, learn, and reason on their own, whereas Applied AI focuses on solving specific problems such as natural language processing, data mining, automated planning, control systems, robotics, and computer vision. The driving force behind the development of AI is to expand the capabilities of existing computing technologies to create solutions to problems that cannot be solved using traditional methods.
AI is an important field in modern computing, and has been used extensively in various areas. For example, it has been used to automate mundane tasks such as data entry and data analysis, and to create automated trading systems used in stock markets and other financial institutions. It has also been used to develop autonomous robots for use in manufacturing, agriculture, and medicine. AI also has applications in fields such as Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Learning (ML). NLP has enabled machines to understand and interpret human language, allowing them to interact with humans in both verbal and non-verbal ways. ML has enabled machines to learn from experience in the same way humans do, giving them the capability to make decisions based on data they have observed.
In summary, AI is an area of computer science and engineering concerned with the development of intelligent machines that can think and interact with their environment. It is divided into two categories: general and applied AI. Its applications are vast, ranging from mundane tasks, to autonomous robots, to stock market automation, and more. As computing power continues to grow, the potential of artificial intelligence has become increasingly apparent, giving rise to countless new and exciting possibilities. We are still only scratching the surface of what AI can do, and its potential is largely untapped.